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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-60

Network Meta-analysis of Four Chinese Patent Medicines Combined with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin Receptor Blockers in Early Diabetic Nephropathy Treatment

Department of Nephropathy and Endocrine Disease, Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Jing Li
Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/wjtcm.wjtcm_41_19

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The objective of the study is to systematically evaluate the efficacy of four Chinese patent medicines in combination with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB) in the treatment of early diabetic nephropathy (DN). Retrospectively, previously published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of four different Chinese patent medicines combined with ACEI or ARB in the treatment of patients with early DN were searched overall from databases. The data were analyzed by R, Generate Mixed Treatment Comparisons and STATA softwares. A total of 78 RCTs were finally included. Network meta-analysis showed that the total effective rate of the Jinshuibao capsule-ACEI/ARB combination group and Huangkui capsule-ACEI/ARB combination groups were better than the others; Jinshuibao capsule-ACEI/ARB combination group reduced the 24-h urinary protein excretion (24-h UTP), urine microalbumin excretion rate (UAER), serum creatinine (Scr), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) values. The Huangkui capsule-ACEI/ARB combination demonstrated a better reduction of (blood urea nitrogen [BUN]). Reduced incidences of adverse effects were only observed on treatment with Bailing capsule-ACEI/ARB combination. In early DN, combination of Jinshuibao capsule-ACEI/ARB provided the highest effective rate; moreover, it could reduce the 24-h values of UTP, UAER, Scr, and HbAlc; Huangkuai capsule-ACI/ARB combination group showed a good effect on reducing BUN. Bailing capsule-ACEI/ARB combination group had reduced the incidences of adverse reactions.

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