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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 393-407

Medicinal plant of Bletilla striata: A review of its chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and quality control


1 TCM and Ethnomedicine Innovation and Development International Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Innovative Materia Medica Research Institute, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha, China
2 Research Center for New Drug Evaluation, Research Center for Modern Chinese Medicines, Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, Tianjin, China
3 State Key Laboratory of Functions and Applications of Medicinal Plants, Guizhou Medical University, Guiyang, China
4 H E J Research Institute of Chemistry, International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Wei Wang
TCM and Ethnomedicine Innovation and Development International Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, Innovative Materia Medica Research Institute, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changsha
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/wjtcm.wjtcm_58_20

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Bletilla striata belongs to the family Orchidaceae, and it is mainly distributed in East Asia. The tubers of B. striata have been utilized in Traditional Chinese Medicine for various ailments, such as hematemesis, tuberculosis, malignant ulcers, hemorrhoids, traumatic bleeding, and chapped skin. Phytochemical investigation on B. striata has resulted in the identification of 192 monomeric compounds, including bibenzyls, phenanthrene derivatives, triterpenoids and its saponins, steroids and its saponins, malic acid derivatives, and anthocyanins. Moreover, B. striata polysaccharide is another typical chemical constituent of this plant. Pharmacology studies have shown that the plant possesses wound healing, antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidative, and antiviral activities. This review aims to provide the latest and comprehensive information on chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and quality control of B. striata and to identify future research needs.


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